The Local History collection of archaeology, social history and a Spitfire aircraft promotes a strong sense of identity and place, inspiring pride in the City as well as celebrating the creativity and achievements of its people.

The Potteries Museum & Art Gallery is the principal repository for archaeological material from Staffordshire.  The large archaeology collection includes artefacts which date from the prehistoric period right up to post-medieval ceramics from the sites of former local pottery manufactories. The latter complements the museum’s extensive ceramic collections.

Artefacts deemed to be Treasure as defined by the Treasure Act are acquired. The most high-profile of these is the Staffordshire Hoard – an Anglo-Saxon hoard of gold and silver artefacts – which is jointly owned with Birmingham City Council.

The Spitfire is a Mark XVI model, RW 388. The Royal Air Force gave it to the City to commemorate the fact that designer R.J. Mitchell was locally-born. It is a static craft on display in its own gallery.

In addition, a wide range of material – such as personal possessions, ephemera, tools, machines, furniture, uniforms, photographs, transport memorabilia, civic memorabilia – reflecting all aspects of the cultural, social and economic life of the people of Stoke-on-Trent is collected. Much of it is of 19th and 20th century in origin, with one or two earlier objects. Contemporary items from the 21st century are also collected.